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International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) & Resource Conflict Institute (RECONCILE) Winners and Losers: Privatising the Commons in Botswana Briefing Paper

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Document begins: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) & Resource Conflict Institute (RECONCILE) Winners and Losers: Privatising the Commons in Botswana Briefing Paper Adrian Cullis and Cathy Watson January 2004 2 Contents Preface.4 1. Introduction.5 2. Historical Perspectives .6 2.1 Pre-colonial times .6 2.2 Colonial times .6 2.3 The post-Independence years.8 2.4 New thinking on range management in the 1980s and 1990s . 10 3. The Rangelands Today . 13 3.1 Cattle in the Botswana economy. 13 3.2 The extent of commercial ranches . 13 3.3 The performance of the ranches . 13 3.4 Subsidies and support to the livestock sector. 14 3.5 Land tenure and the land market . 15 4. The Impact of the Privatisation of the Commons . 16 4.1 Economic impact. 16 4.2 Social impact . 17 4.2.1 Access to land . 17 4.2.2 Conflicts. 18 4.2.3 Growing numbers of cattle-less households . 18 4.3 Impact on wildlife . 19 5. Conclusions and Key Questions . 20 5.1 Conclusions . 20 5.2 Key Issues for investigation . 21 6. Key Contacts . 22 Bibliography .232 3 Preface This briefing paper has been prepared by the RECONCILE/IIED Programme on Reinforcement of Pastoral Civil Society in East ...

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