Information for G00177
Land in Africa: Market Asset, or Secure Livelihood? Church House, Westminster, London November 8-9 2004 Securing the commons in an era of privatisation: Policy and legislative challenges
Document begins: Land in Africa: Market Asset, or Secure Livelihood? Church House, Westminster, London November 8-9 2004 Securing the commons in an era of privatisation: Policy and legislative challenges Prepared by Lorenzo Cotula for Session Five: Securing collective rights to land and natural resources Based on discussions at the second international workshop of the Co-Govern network, Nakuru (Kenya), 25-28 October 2004 1 1. Setting the stage For the purposes of this document1, the "commons" are very broadly defined as natural resources over which several users have overlapping rights of simultaneous or sequential use, irrespective of the economic nature of the resource (whether "common pool" or not) and of the property regime formally applicable to it (i.e. even if legally owned by the state). This includes, among other things, water, fisheries, forestry, wildlife, pasture and genetic resources. Within this context, land rights and tenure are key: a) because land itself may be held/used in common (e.g. grazing lands); and b) because, even if it is not, rights over land and rights over the "common" natural resources located on it (e.g. forestry) are closely linked. In practice, rather than a dichotomy between common and private/state property, many systems to manage the commons ...