Information for G00127
Land rights and administration in Africa
Document begins: Land rights and administration in Africa Klaus Deininger1 The importance of secure land rights A significant body of research demonstrates the importance of secure property rights to land is a precondition for land-related investment in many settings. Farmers whose have only insecure or short-term land rights are unlikely to invest their full effort, to make long-term improvements attached to the land (including services), or to exchange it with others who may be able to make better use of it, thereby reducing productivity and possibly hindering emergence of a vibrant non-farm economy. The same is true for urban residents and it is now increasingly recognized that, as a consequence, land and the institutions governing its ownership and use are of great importance for broader economic growth and poverty reduction from a much broader range of perspectives. Investment climate: Setting up or expanding a business requires physical space, i.e. land. Non-transparent, corrupt, or simply inefficient systems of land administration constitute a major bottleneck that makes it more costly for small and would-be entrepreneurs to transform good ideas into economically viable enterprises. Investment climate surveys indicate that access to land was the main obstacle to conducting and expanding business by 57% ...