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Seven elements and seven steps for an effective climate agreement

Achala Abeysinghe, Prakash Mathema

IIED Briefing, 4 pages

This year, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) celebrates 20 years of negotiations and more than 500 decisions. Many decisions have been effective, but none have been sufficient.

A significant gap remains between the current mitigation pledges to control global greenhouse gas emissions and the aggregate emission pathway that is needed to hold the global average temperature increase below 2ºC above pre-industrial levels and keep the options open for a 1.5 degree target as most vulnerable countries have called for.

At the same time, climate impacts are rising beyond a manageable magnitude worldwide. Current negotiations for a new global climate agreement offer a historic opportunity to strengthen the multilateral rules-based system and follow an action-oriented approach for catalysing domestic action while taking into account countries’ impacts, vulnerabilities and sustainable development imperatives.

This briefing suggests seven elements and seven steps that would facilitate this approach.

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IIED works to strengthen the position of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in international climate negotiations and related global forums. We do this by providing real-time legal, technical and strategic advice and research support to the LDC Group in the UNFCCC process. We collaborate directly with the LDC chair and members of the LDC Group's core team of negotiators in delivering our work.

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