Increasing food production is the main policy prescription for addressing food security, but this neglects the crucial importance of access and affordability for low-income urban residents. More than half the world’s population lives in urban centres, and urban food insecurity is an emerging challenge that is exacerbated by climate change. Although low and irregular incomes are its root cause, environmental hazards and inadequate housing and infrastructure contribute to higher levels of malnutrition in low-income settlements than in rural areas. Addressing urban food security requires attention to incomes, living conditions, access to formal and informal markets and the interconnections between rural and urban food security.
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