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Informing dialogue on artisanal and small-scale mining in Tanzania. A thematic review of challenges and solutions

Fitsum Weldegiorgis, Abbi Buxton

Discussion paper, 36 pages

Tanzania’s mining sector dates back several decades, and involves exploitation of various metals, gemstones and industrial minerals. Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) has long offered Tanzania’s impoverished population an opportunity for employment and income generation. But a range of issues continue to prevent ASM from becoming a profitable and responsible sector. Priority challenges identified through local research and engagement include an unsupportive environment for business; gender discrimination; tensions with large-scale miners and with government; inconsistent and complex land and licensing policies; and conflicting land uses. Through action-focused dialogue, multiple actors need to identify priority actions with clear roles and responsibilities within a roadmap for positive reform. Dialogue will need to address a number of key questions including: how can policymaking and implementation be made more participatory and gender-sensitive? What specific and realistic actions can be designed, what key responsible stakeholders identified, and what effective partnerships fostered to achieve a successful outcome? And what are the reciprocal obligations intrinsic to mutually respectful and beneficial relations across the sector?

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Weldegiorgis, F and Buxton, A. 2017. Informing dialogue on artisanal and small-scale mining in Tanzania: A thematic review of challenges and solutions. IIED Discussion Paper, IIED, London.
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IIED's second country dialogue on artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) took place in Geita, Tanzania, in November 2017. The four-day event brought together around 90 participants, including miners, government officials and representatives from large mining companies and civil society organisations.

More at www.iied.org:
'The time is right' for dialogue about sustainable ASM in Tanzania