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State gold-buying programmes. Effective instruments to reform the artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector?

RCS Global

Book/Report, 45 pages

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining provides a living to some 100 million people, offering huge potential for rural development. Yet the sector remains mostly informal and difficult to regulate despite decades of efforts by governments around the world to address this. Can state gold-buying programmes (SGBPs) be an effective tool for governments – to not only bolster state financial reserves, but also to reform the sector, raising its standards and improving its environmental and social outcomes? And can these programmes operate in countries that often lack institutional capacity, infrastructure and stability? This paper analyses case studies in five countries, drawing out the challenges and potential factors for success in developing an effective SGBP.

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RCS Global. 2016. State-sponsored gold-buying programmes. Effective instruments to reform the artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector? IIED, London.

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IIED's dialogue programme for artisanal and small-scale mining enables a wide range of stakeholders to come together and collaborate on empowering miners, improving governance and delivering a safer, more secure working environment.

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Dialogues for a sustainable and productive artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector