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Liberalisation, Gender, and Livelihoods: the cashew nut case, Working Paper 2: Mozambique Phase 2- The South

Globalisation processes and economic liberalisation are leading to fundamental changes in the livelihood sources and strategies of different groups all over the world. IIED, in collaboration with partners in Mozambique and South India, has developed a research programme on gender, markets and livelihoods in the context of globalisation. The programme responds to a policy concern that more empirical work is needed to understand the effects of economic liberalisation on poverty reduction and gender equality. The research focuses on the cashew sectors in Mozambique and India. India is the world’s largest exporter of processed cashew nuts and also the biggest buyer of Mozambican raw nuts.

In Mozambique, research was carried out in two provinces, Nampula in the North (the first phase, 2002) where the society is predominantly matrilineal (descent through the female line) and Gaza in the South (the second phase, 2003) where the society is predominantly patrilineal (descent through the male line). This report presents the findings of the second phase.

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